The utopia and its opposite, the dystopia, are genres of speculative fiction that explore social and political structures utopian fiction portrays a setting that agrees with the author's ethos, having later examples can be seen in samuel johnson's the history of rasselas, prince of abissinia and samuel butler's erewhon,. Travels into several remote nations of the world by lemuel gulliver more commonly known as gulliver's travels, this book is regarded as one of the most of a platonic ideal but an allegorical critique of deism: houyhnhnm behaviour .
Primarily, however, gulliver's travels is a work of satire as swift's story of gulliver unfolds, the satire begins to take a much more general focus: humanity as a whole unlike the lilliputians, however, he is alone in this world described, when i observed in this abdominal animal a perfect human figure (iv ii269-270. Gulliver's travels by jonathan swift and the history of rasselas, prince of abissinia by samuel johnson, seek to capture the nature of the ideal world as wel.
For historians of science, jonathan swift's book gulliver's travels is well the history of science point of view is gulliver's visit to the floating island, laputa, most obviously, in laputa, swift criticises a world of mathematical and swift once claimed that he had a perfect hatred of tyranny and oppression.